Syscall index: 0x1187
Function signature: void Restart(void)
Immediately restarts the calculator.
After being called, the OS starts as if the button on the back of the calculator had been pressed, or batteries taken off and put back on. It is not clear whether certain things like the MCS are backed up as with a normal power off (on the "fx-CG10/20 Manager" emulator at least, the MCS is backed up). So this syscall might not actually provide a true, unexpected restart, but more of a "nice" one.
The method used for restarting the OS is also unknown: dedicated circuitry could be used (as with the RESTART button); execution could jump to the start of the flash, and thus, of the bootloader (at 0x8000000), effectively doing the same jump as the CPU when powered up; or it could jump to the OS entry point (the same the bootloader jumps to). More complicated and much less likely approaches could even involve using one of the on-chip RAM areas, such as IL RAM or RS RAM, as the place to store the code responsible for restarting, and/or any temporary buffers to be read on start-up, to trigger special behavior.